Papers and articles on climate change and related topics 

file name: timo02.html

This is the reference section from Timo Haemeranta's submission to the European Union’s Future Action on Climate Change Web Forum
(sent Sunday, October 24, 2004)
It covers papers and articles up to the end of year 2004 (~320 references)

(in alphabetical order)

Abarca del Rio, Rodrigo, D. Gambis, D. Salstein, P. Nelson, A. Dai, 2003. Solar activity and earth rotation variability. Journal of Geodynamics Vol. 36, No 3, pp. 423–443, October 2003, online <>

Agusti-Panareda, A. and Thompson, R. 2002. Reconstructing air temperature at eleven remote alpine and arctic lakes in Europe from 1781 to 1997 AD. Journal of Paleolimnology 28: 7-23.

Ahlbeck, Jarl, 2001. Carbon Dioxide Sink 1960-2000 and Model Projections to 2100: a Statistical Mass Transfer Analysis, online <> 

Ahlbeck, Jarl, 2001. Absorption of Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere, online <>

Ahlbeck, Jarl, 2001. The Carbon Dioxide Thermometer: Updated, online <>

Ahlbeck, Jarl, 2002. Comment on "Variations in northern vegetation activity inferred from satellite data of vegetation index during 1981-1999" by L. Zhou et al., JGR 107, D11, 4128, doi:10.1029/2001JD001389, 2002107, June 14, 2002.

Ahn, Jinho, M. Wahlen, B. L. Deck, E. J. Brook, P. A. Mayewski, K. C. Taylor, and J. W. C. White, 2004. A record of atmospheric CO2 during the last 40,000 years from the Siple Dome, Antarctica ice core. J. Geophys. Res. – Atm., 109, D13305, doi:10.1029/2003JD004415, July 15, 2004 

Akimoto, Hajime, 2003. Global Air Quality and Pollution. Science Vol. 302, No 5651, pp. 1716-1719, December 5, 2003 

Alexander W.J.R., 1995. Floods, droughts and climate change. South African Journal of Science August 1995

Alexander W.J.R., 2004. Climate change – there is no need for concern. Science in Africa April 2004, online <>

Alexander W.J.R., 2004. Floods, droughts, poverty and science. Science in Africa September 21, 2004, online <>

Anderson, Theodore L., Robert J. Charlson, Stephen E. Schwartz, Reto Knutti, Olivier Boucher, Henning Rodhe, Jost Heintzenberg, 2003. Climate Forcing by Aerosols--a Hazy Picture. Science Vol. 300, No. 5622pp. 1103-1104, , May 16, 2003, online <>

Andreae, Meinrat O. et al., 2004. Smoking Rain Clouds over the Amazon. Science Vol. 303, No 5662, pp. 1337-1342, February 27, 2004, <

Arnfield, A. John, 2003. Two decades of urban climate research: a review of turbulence, exchanges of energy and water, and the urban heat island. International Journal of Climatology Vol. 23, No 1, pp. 1-26, January 2003, online < >

Baker, Andrew C. et al., 2004. Coral reefs: Corals' adaptive response to climate change. Nature Vol. 430, No 7001, p. 741, August 12, 2004

Balling, Robert C., Jr., and S. Sen Roy, 2004. A spatial entropy analysis of temperature trends in the United States. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L09201, doi:10.1029/2004GL019630, May 1, 2004

Bamber, Jonathan, William Krabill, Vivivenne Raper, and Julian Dowdeswell, 2004. Anomalous recent growth of part of a large Arctic ice cap: Austfonna, Svalbard. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L12402, doi:10.1029/2004GL019667, June 25, 2004

Bao, Yang, Achim Bräuning and Shi Yafeng, 2003. Late Holocene temperature fluctuations on the Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Science Reviews Vol.22, No 21-22, pp. 2335–2344, Nov-Dec 2003

Barber, Valerie A., Glenn Patrick Juday, Bruce P. Finney, Martin Wilmking, 2004. Reconstruction of Summer Temperatures in Interior Alaska from Tree-Ring Proxies: Evidence for Changing Synoptic Climate Regimes. Climatic Change Vol. 63, No 1-2, pp. 91-120, March 2004

Bard, Edouard , Frauke Rostek, Guillemette Ménot-Combes, 2004. A Better Radiocarbon Clock. Science Vol. 303, No 5655, pp. 178-179, January 9, 2004

Battarbee, R.W., Grytnes, J.-A., Thompson, R., Appleby, P.G., Catalan, J., Korhola, A., Birks, H.J.B., Heegaard, E. and Lami, A. 2002. Comparing palaeolimnological and instrumental evidence of climate change for remote mountain lakes over the last 200 years. Journal of Paleolimnology 28: 161-179.

Belmiloud, Djedjiga, Roland Schermaul, Kevin M. Smith, Nikolai F. Zobov, James W. Brault, Richard C. M. Learner, David A. Newnham, and Jonathan Tennyson, 2000. New Studies of the Visible and Near-Infrared Absorption by Water Vapour and Some Problems with the HITRAN Database. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 27, No 22, pp. 3703-3706, November 15, 2000

Berger, André and Marie-France Loutre, 2002. An exceptionally long interglacial ahead? Science, Vol. 297, No 5585, pp. 1287 - 1288, August 23, 2002

Berger, André, and Marie-France Loutre, 2003. Climate 400,000 years ago, a key to the future? In Earth’s Climate and Orbital Eccentricity: The Marine Isotope Stage 11 Question. Geophysical Monograph 137, A. Droxler, L. Burckle and R. Poore (eds.), American Geophysical Union, pp. 17-

Berger, W.H. and von Rad, U. 2002. Decadal to millennial cyclicity in varves and turbidites from the Arabian Sea: hypothesis of tidal origin. Global and Planetary Change 34: 313-325.

Berger, W.H., A. Schimmelmann and C.B. Lange, 2004. Tidal cycles in the sediments of Santa Barbara Basin. Geology: Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 329–332, April 2004

Berner, Ulrich; Streif, Hansjörg, ed., 2000. Klimafakten" Der Rückblick - Ein Schlüssel für die Zukunft [Climates of the Past: A key to understanding our future climate.] .Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Science Publishers, Stuttgart, Germany, 2000 

Black, David E., Robert C Thunell, Alexey Kaplan, Larry C. Peterson, and Eric J. Tappa, 2004. A 2000-year record of Caribbean and tropical North Atlantic hydrographic variability. Paleoceanography, 19, PA2022, doi:10.1029/2003PA000982, June 23, 2004 

Boberg, Fredrik, and Lundstedt, Henrik, 2002. Solar Wind Variations Related to Fluctuations of the North Atlantic Oscillation. GRL 29, 15, 2002, online <>

Bobylev, Leonid P., Kirill Ya. Kondrayev and Ola M. Johannessen, 2003. Arctic Environment Variability in the Context of Global Change. Springer & Praxis Publishing, December 2003

Bond, Gerard C., Kromer, B., Beer, J., Muscheler, R., Evans, M.N., Showers, W., Hofmann, S., Lotti-Bond, R., Hajdas, I. and Bonani, G. 2001. Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene. Science 294: 2130-2136, December 7, 2001

Bond, Tami C., David G.Streets, Kristen F. Yarber, Sibyl M. Nelson, Jung-Hun Woo, and Zbigniew Klimont, 2004. A technology-based global inventory of black and organic carbon emissions from combustion. J. Geophys. Res. – Atm. Vol. 109, No. D14, D14203, 10.1029/2003JD003697, July 24, 2004

Bradley, Jr., Robert L., 2003. Climate Alarmism Reconsidered. Institute of Economic Affairs, London 2003, online <>

Bradley, Jr., Robert L., and Richard W. Fulmer, 2004. Energy: The Master Resource. An Introduction to the History, Technology, Economics, and Public Policy of Energy. Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 250 pages, 2004, also online <>

Brandsma, T, G. P. Können, H. R. A. Wessels, 2003. Empirical estimation of the effect of urban heat advection on the temperature series of De Bilt (The Netherlands). International Journal of Climatology Vol. 23, No 7, pp. 829-845, June 15, 2003

Bratcher, Amy J. and Giese, Benjamin S. 2002. Tropical Pacific decadal variability and global warming. GRL Vol. 29, No 19, p. 1918, doi:10.1029/2002GL015191, October 8, 2002.

Brönnimann, Stefan, J. Luterbacher, J. Staehelin, T. M. Svendby, G. Hansen and T. Svenøe, 2004. Extreme climate of the global troposphere and stratosphere in 1940-42 related to El Niño. Nature Vol. 431, No 7011, pp. 971-975, DOI:10.1038/nature02982, October 21, 2004

Bucha, V. and Bucha Jr., V., 1998. Geomagnetic forcing of changes in climate and in the atmospheric circulation. Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics 60: 145-169.

Bärring, Lars, and Hans von Storch, 2004. Scandinavian storminess sincce about 1800. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L20202, doi:10.1029/2004GL020441, October 23, 2004

Carlo, Piero Di et al., 2004. Missing OH Reactivity in a Forest: Evidence for Unknown Reactive Biogenic VOCs. Science, Vol. 304, No 5671, pp. 722-725, April 30, 2004

Carslaw, K.S., Harrizon, R.G. and Kirkby, J. 2002. Cosmic Rays, Clouds, and Climate. Science Vol 298, Nr 5599, pp. 1732-1737, November 29, 2002

Castagnoli, G. C., Bonino, G., Taricco, C. and Bernasconi, S.M. 2002. Solar radiation variability in the last 1400 years recorded in the carbon isotope ratio of a Mediterranean sea core. Advances in Space Research 29: 1989-1994, 2002.

Castles, Ian and David Henderson, 2003. The IPCC Emission Scenarios: An Economic-Statistical Critique. Energy & Environment Vol. 14, No 2&3, pp. 159-186, April 11, 2003

Castles Ian and David Henderson, 2003. "Economics, emission scenarios and the work of the IPCC" in Energy & Environment Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 415-435, July 2003

Cerveny, R. S. and Shaffer, J.A., 2001. The moon and El Niño. Geophysical Research Letters 28: 25-28, 2001 

Chappell, Adrian and Clive T. Agnew, 2004. Modelling climate change in West African Sahel rainfall (1931-90) as an artifact of changing station locations. International Journal of Climatology Vol. 24, No 5, pp. 547-554, Published Online April 8, 2004

Chase, Thomas N., Roger A. Pielke Sr., C. Castro, 2003: Are present day climate simulations accurate enough for reliable regional downscaling? Water Resources Update No 124, pp. 26-34, May 2003, online <>

Chase, Thomas N., Roger A. Pielke Sr, B. Herman and X. Zeng, 2004. Likelihood of rapidly increasing surface temperatures unaccompanied by strong warming in the free troposphere. Climate Research Vol. 25, No 3, pp. 185–190, January 2004, online <>

Chaves, Rosane R., and Paulo Nobre, 2004. Interactions between sea surface temperature over the South Atlantic Ocean and the South Atlantic Convergence Zone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L03204, doi:10.1029/2003GL018647, February 11, 2004

Chavez, Francisco P., John Ryan, Salvador E. Lluch-Cota, and Miguel C. Ñiquen, 2003. From anchovies to sardines and back: multidecadal change in the Pacific Ocean. Science Vol. 299, No 5603, pp. 217-221, January 10, 2003

Chen, Dake et al., 2004. Predictability of El Niño over the past 148 years. Nature Vol. 428, pp. 733-736, April 15, 2004

Chen, Ge, Jun Ma, Chaoyang Fang and Yong Han, 2003. Global Oceanic Precipitation Derived from TOPEX and TMR: Climatology and Variability. Journal of Climate: Vol. 16, No. 23, pp. 3888–3904, December 1, 2003

Chen, J. L., C. R. Wilson, X. G. Hu, and B. D. Tapley, 2003. Large-scale mass redistribution in the oceans, 1993–2001, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 30, No 20, p. 2024, doi:10.1029/2003GL018048, October 16, 2003.

Cheng, Minkang, and Byron D. Tapley, 2004. Variations in the Earth's oblateness during the past 28 years, JGR – Solid Earth, 109, B09402, doi:10.1029/2004JB003028, September 16, 2004

Christensen, Jens H., and Ole B. Christensen, 2003. Climate modelling: Severe summertime flooding in Europe. Nature 421, 805 - 806, February 20, 2003

Christy, John R. 2000. Global Climate Change: Scientific and Social Impacts. A Personal View. Bridges. 7, 39-57.

Christy, John R., Roy W. Spencer, William D. Braswell, 2000. MSU tropospheric temperatures: dataset construction and radiosonde comparisons. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 17: 1153-1170.

Christy, John R. et al., 2001a. Differential Trends in Tropical Sea Surface and Atmospheric Temperatures since 1979. Geophysical Research Letters 28, 183-186, January 1, 2001

Christy, John R., 2001b. Validity of Global Climate Change Study Tool doubted. UniSci January 9, 2001

Christy, John R., 2001c. The Gospel According to John. An interview in Discover Vol. 22 No. 2, February 2001

Christy, John R., 2001d. The Future Outlook is Fine. An interview in The Times February 20, 2001

Christy, John R., 2001e. Layer-Mean Global Temperature from Satellites. First International Conference on Global Warming and the Next Ice Age, Dalhausie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, August 19-24, 2001

Christy, John R., 2002a. Raw Empirical Data Not Everything In Climate Study. UniSci January 16, 2002, online <>

Christy, John R., 2002b. When Was The Hottest Summer? A State Climatologist Struggles for an Answer. BAMS Vol. 83, No 5, pp. 723-734, May 2002

Christy, John R., 2003a. Irrigation Blamed for Warming. AP Interview April 15, 2003, online <>

Christy, John R., 2003b. Kyoto Global Warming Treaty’s Impact on Ohio’s Coal Dependent Communities. Written Testimony to U.S. House Committee on Resources, 13 May 2003, online <>

Christy, John R., 2003c. Guest Commentary on Climate Change. Electricity Daily Vol. 20, No. 105, June 2, 2003, online <>

Christy, John R., 2003d. Climate Research: Response to ‘Wanted Scientific Leadership on Climate’ by Pielke, Jr. and Sarewitz. Issues in Science and Technology, Spring 2003, pp. 9-10.

Christy, John R. and Roy W. Spencer, 2003. Reliability of satellite data sets. Science Vol. 301, No 5636, pp.1046-1047, August 22, 2003.

Christy, John R., Roy W. Spencer, W.B. Norris, W.D. Braswell and D.E. Parker, 2003. Error estimates of Version 5.0 of MSU/AMSU bulk atmospheric temperatures. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 20, pp. 613-629, 2003.

Christy, John R. and William B. Norris, 2004. What may we conclude about global tropospheric temperature trends? Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L06211, doi:10.1029/2003GL019361, March 31, 2004

Chylek, Petr, Jason E. Box, Glen Lesins, 2004. Global Warming and the Greenland Ice Sheet. Climatic Change Vol. 63, No1-2, pp. 201-221, March 2004

Cliver, E. W., Boriakoff, V., Feynman, J., 1998. Solar variability and climate change: Geomagnetic aa index and global surface temperature. Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 1035-1038.

Cobb, Kim M., Christopher D. Charles, Hai Cheng and R. Lawrence Edwards, 2003. El Niño/Southern Oscillation and tropical Pacific climate during the last millennium. Nature 424, 271 - 276, doi:10.1038/nature01779 , July 17, 2003

Cook, Edward R. et al., 2004. Long-Term Aridity Changes in the Western United States. Science Express, published online October 7, 2004

Cook, Edward R., Jan Esper, and Rosanne D. D'Arrigo, 2004. Extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere land temperature variability over the past 1000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews Vol. 23, No 20-22, pp. 2063-2074, November 2004, available online September 23, 2004 

Courtney, Richard S., 2000. Global Warming: How It All Began, online <

Courtney, Richard S., 2001. Crystal balls, virtual realities and 'storylines'. Energy and Environment, vol.12, No.4, 2001

Cox, Christopher M. and Benjamin F. Chao, 2002. Detection of a Large-Scale Mass Redistribution in the Terrestrial System Since 1998. Science Vol. 297, No 5582, pp. 831-833, August 2, 2002

Crutzen, Paul J., 2004. The growing urban heat and pollution island effect: Impact on chemistry and climate. Atmospheric Environment In press March, 23, 2004

Damon, Paul E. and Peter Laut, 2004. Pattern of strange errors plagues solar activity and terrestrial climatic data. EOS, Transactions Vol. 85, No 39, pp. 370-374, September 28, 2004

Dana, L. et al., 2001. Paleobotanical Evidence for Near Present-Day Levels of Atmospheric CO2 During Part of the Tertiary. Science, Vol. 292, No. 5525, pp. 2310-2313, June 22, 2001

Davey, C. A. and R.A.Pielke Sr, 2004: Microclimate exposures of surface-based weather stations - implications for the assessment of long-term temperature trends. Bull. Amer Meteor. Soc., online <>

Dawson, A.G., Elliott, L., Mayewski, P., Lockett, P., Noone, S., Hickey, K., Holt, T., Wadhams, P. and Foster, I. 2003. Late-Holocene North Atlantic climate "seesaws", storminess changes and Greenland ice sheet (GISP2) palaeoclimates. The Holocene 13: 381-392.

Delmotte, M., J. Chappellaz, E. Brook, P. Yiou, J. Barnola, C. Goujon, D. Raynaud, and V. Lipenkov, 2004. Atmospheric methane during the last four glacial-interglacial cycles: Rapid changes and their link with Antarctic temperature, J. Geophys. Res. – Atmospheres Vol. 109, D12104, doi:10.1029/2003JD004417, June 24, 2004

Desprat, S., Goñi, M.F.S. and Loutre, M.-F. 2003. Revealing climatic variability of the last three millennia in northwestern Ibera using pollen influx data. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 213: 63-78, 2003

Dessai, Suraje and Mike Hulme, 2003. Does climate policy need probabilities? Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper No. 34, August 2003, online <> (43 pages, 500KB)

Dickey, Jean O., Steven L. Marcus, Olivier de Viron and Ichiro Fukumori, 2002. Recent Earth Oblateness Variations: Unraveling Climate and Postglacial Rebound Effects. Science Vol. 298, No 5600, pp. 1975-1977, December 6, 2002

Dickey, Jean O., Steven L. Marcus, and Olivier de Viron, 2003. Coherent interannual and decadal variations in the atmosphere-ocean system, Geophys. Res. Lett. Vol. 30, No. 11, 1573, doi:10.1029/2002GL016763, June 7, 2003

Dietze, Peter, 2001. Carbon Model Calculations, online <>

Dietze, Peter, 2002. Little Warming with new Carbon Cycle Model, online <>

Dietze, Peter and Hans Erren, 2003. The Greenhouse effect should not be redefined, Energy and Environment Vol.14, No 6, pp. 921-922, December 2003

Dokken, Trond M., Andrews, J., Hemming, S., Stokes, C. and Jansen, E., 2003. Researchers discuss abrupt climate change: Ice sheets and oceans in action. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 84: 189, 193.

Dokken, Trond M., and Kerim H. Nisancioglu, 2004. Fresh angle on the polar seesaw. Nature Vol. 430, No 7000, pp. 842-843, August 19, 2004

Domonkos, Peter, Jan Kyselý, Katarzyna Piotrowicz, Predrag Petrovic, Tanja Likso, 2003. Variability of extreme temperature events in south-central Europe during the 20th century and its relationship with large-scale circulation. International Journal of Climatology Vol. 23, No 9, pp. 987-1010, July 2003 

Doney, S. C., et al., 2004. Evaluating global ocean carbon models: The importance of realistic physics. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 18, GB3017, doi:10.1029/2003GB002150, September 15, 2004 

Doran, Peter T. et al. 2002. Antarctic climate cooling and terrestrial ecosystem response. Nature Vol. 415, DOI: 10.1038/nature710, pp. 617-620, January 13, 2002.

Douglass, David H. and B. David Clader, 2002. Determination of the Climate sensitivity of the Earth to solar irradiance. GRL Vol. 29 No 16 section 33 pp.1-4, August 23, 2002

Douglass, David H., Eric G. Blackman, and Robert S. Knox, 2004. Temperature response of Earth to the Annual Solar Irradiance Cycle. Physics Letters A Vol. 323, No 3-4, pp. 315-322, March 22, 2004, online <>

Douglass, David H., Benjamin D. Pearson, and S. Fred Singer, 2004. Altitude dependence of atmospheric temperature trends: Climate models versus observation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L13208, doi:10.1029/2004GL020103, July 9, 2004, online <

Douglass, David H., Benjamin D. Pearson, S. Fred Singer, Paul C. Knappenberger, and Patrick J. Michaels, 2004. Disparity of tropospheric and surface temperature trends: New evidence. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L13207, doi:10.1029/2004GL020212, July 9, 2004, online <

Droxler, Andre W., Richard Z. Poore, and Lloyd H. Burckle (Edts), 2003. Earth’s Climate and Orbital Eccentricity: The Marine Isotope Stage 11 Question. AGU Geophysical Monograph Series Vol 137, 2003, see: <>

Eastman, J.L., Coughenour, M.B. and Pielke Sr., R.A. 2001. The regional effects of CO2 and landscape change using a coupled plant and meteorological model. Global Change Biology 7: 797-815.

Egbert, G. D. and R. D. Ray, 2000. Significant dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred from Satellite Altimeter Data. Nature, 405: 775-8, 2000

Eklundh, Lars and Lennart Olsson, Vegetation index trends for the African Sahel 1982–1999, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(8), 1430, April 23, 2003.

EPICA community members, 2004. Eight glacial cycles from an Antarctic ice core. Nature Vol. 429, No 6992, pp. 623-628, June 10, 2004, online <>

Erren, Hans 2003. Evidence for a Stefan-Botlzmann Climate Sensitivity from Three Centuries of Summer Temperature Observations in The Netherlands. IUGG Conference Obervational and Model Estimates of Climate Sensitivity (ICDM) June 30, 2003 <>

Eschenbach, Willis, 2004. Tuvalu Not experiencing Increased Sea Level Rise. A Viewpoint in Energy & Environment Vol. 15, No 4, June 2004.

Esper, J., Cook, E.R. and Schweingruber, F.H. 2002. Low-frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies for reconstructing past temperature variability. Science 295: 2250-2253, March 22, 2002

Esper, Jan, S. G. Shiyatov, V. S. Mazepa, R. J. S. Wilson, D. A. Graybill and G. Funkhouser, 2003. Temperature-sensitive Tien Shan tree ring chronologies show multi-centennial growth trends. Climate Dynamics, 21 (8): 699-706, 2003. Online <>

Esper Jan, D.C. Frank, and J.S. Wilson, 2004. Climate reconstructions: Low-frequency ambition and high-frequency ratification. Eos, 85, 133,120, 2004

Esper, Jan and Schweingruber, F.H. 2004. Large-scale treeline changes recorded in Siberia. Geophysical Research Letters 31: 10.1029/2003GL019178, March 16, 2004

Essenhigh, Robert H., 2001. Does CO2 really drive global warming. Chemical Innovation Vol. 31 pp. 44-46, May 5, 2001

Essenhigh, Robert H., 2003. Prediction from an Analytical Model of: The Standard Atmosphere Profiles of Temperature, Pressure, and Density with Height for the Lower Atmosphere; and Potential for Profiles-Perturbation by Combustion Emissions. Paper No.03F-44: Western States Section Combustion Institute Meeting: Fall (October) 2003

Essex, Christopher and McKitrick, Ross, 2002. TAKEN BY STORM. The Troubled Science, Policy and Politics of Global Warming. Key Porter Books, November 2002 <>

Fagan, Brian: "The Little Ice Age: How Climate Made History, 1350-1850", Basic Books, 2001

Fagan, Brian: "The Long Summer: How Climate Changed Civilisation". Basic Books, 2003.

Ferreyra, Eduardo, 2003. Heat Wave in Europe: Mystery Unveiled, online <>

Feynman, J. and Ruzmaikin, A. 1999. Modulation of cosmic ray precipitation related to climate. Geophysical Research Letters 26: 2057-2060.

Fleitmann, Dominik, Stephen J. Burns, Manfred Mudelsee, Ulrich Neff, Jan Kramers, Augusto Mangini and Albert Matter, 2003. Holocene Forcing of the Indian Monsoon Recorded in a Stalagmite from Southern Oman. Science Vol. 300, No 5626, pp. 1737-1739, June 13, 2003 

Fleitmann, Dominik, , Stephen J. Burns, Ulrich Neff, Manfred Mudelsee, Augusto Mangini and Albert Matter, 2004. Palaeoclimatic interpretation of high-resolution oxygen isotope profiles derived from annually laminated speleothems from Southern Oman. Quaternary Science Reviews Vol. 23, No 7-8, pp. 935-945, April 2004

Foster, Bob, 2002. Critique of IPCC's TAR Summary for Policymakers. October 2002, online <>

Foukal, Peter, 2003. Can Slow Variations in Solar Luminosity Provide Missing Link Between the Sun and Climate? Eos, Transactions Vol. 84, No 22, pp 205-208, June 3, 2003 

Foukal, Peter, Gerald North, and Tom Wigley, 2004. A Stellar View on Solar Variations and Climate. Science Vol. 306, No 5693, pp. 68-69, October 1, 2004

Frauenfeld, Oliver W., and Robert E. Davis, 2003. Northern Hemisphere circumpolar vortex trends and climate change implications, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D14), 4423, doi:10.1029/2002JD002958, July 29, 2003.

de Freitas, Chris R., 2002. Are Observed Changes in the Concentration of Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere Really Dangerous? Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology Vol..50, No.2, pp. 297-327, June 2002, online <>

Gentry, D. et al., 2003. Precise dating of Dansgaard–Oeschger climate oscillations in western Europe from stalagmite data. Nature 421, 833 - 837, February 20, 2003

Geological Perspectives of Global Climate Change. 2001. AAPG Studies in Geology # 47 Edited by Lee C. Gerhard, William E. Harrison and Bernold M. Hanson Published by the American Association of Petroleum Geologists in collaboration with the Kansas Geological Survey and the AAPG Division of Environmental Geosciences; contributions by the U.S. Geological Survey, March 2001

Gerhard, Lee C., 2004. Climate Change: Conflict of observational science, theory, and politics. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin Vol. 88, No 9, p. 1211-1220, September 2004

Giese, Benjamin S., S. C. Urizar, and N. S. Fučkar, 2002. Southern Hemisphere Origins of the 1976 Climate Shift. Geophys. Res. Lett. – Atm., 29 (2), 1014, doi:10.1029/2001GL013268, January 17, 2002

Gildor, Hezi, Adam H. Sobel, Mark A. Cane, and Raymond N. Sambrotto, A role for ocean biota in tropical intraseasonal atmospheric variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(9), 1460, doi:10.1029/2002GL016759, May 3, 2003.

Goklany, Indur M., 2003. Relative Contributions of Global Warming to Various Climate Sensitive Risks, and Their Implications for Adaptation and Mitigation.

Energy & Environment Vol. 14, pp. 797-822, 2003

González-Rouco, F., Hans von Storch, and E. Zorita, 2003. Deep soil temperature as proxy for surface air-temperature in a coupled model simulation of the last thousand years, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 30, No 21, p. 2116, doi:10.1029/2003GL018264, November 12, 2003, online <>

Goode, Philip R., J. Qiu, V. Yurchyshyn, J. Hickey, M. Chu, E. Kolbe, C. Brown, and S. Koonin. Earthshine observations of the earth’s reflectance GRL Vol. 28, No 9, pp. 1671–1674, 2001

Govindan, R.B., Vyushin, Dmitry, Bunde, Armin, Brenner, Stephen, Havlin, Shlomo and Schellnhuber, Hans-Joachim, 2002. Global Climate Models Violate Scaling of the Observed Atmospheric Variability. Physical Review Letters 89, 028501, July 8, 2002

Graf, Hans-F., 2004. The Complex Interaction of Aerosols and Clouds. Science Perspective Vol. 303, No 5662, pp. 1309.1311, February 27, 2004

Gray, Vincent R., 2000. The Cause of Global Warming. Energy & Environment Vol 11 pp. 613-629, 2000

Gray, Vincent R., 2002. The Greenhouse Delusion: A Critique of 'Climate Change 2001'. Multi- Science Publishing Co Ltd, UK, 2002 

Gray, Vincent R., 2003. Regional Temperature Change. Updated April 2, 2003, online <>

Green, Kenneth, Tim Ball, and Steven Schroeder, 2004. The Science Isn’t Settled. The Limitations of Global Climate Models. Public Policy Sources No 80, Frasier Institute, June 2004, online <>

Grudd, H., K.R. Briffa, W. Karlén, .S. Bartholin, P.D. Jones and B. Kromer, 2002. A 7400-year tree-ring chronology in northern Swedish Lapland: natural climatic variability expressed on annual to millennial timescales, Holocene, 12, 657–665, 2002.

Gupta, Anil K., David M. Anderson and Jonathan T. Overpeck, 2003. Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature Vol. 421, No 6921, pp. 354-357, January 23, 2003

Hanna, Edward, and John Cappelen, 2003. Recent cooling in coastal southern Greenland and relation with the North Atlantic Oscillation. GRL Vol. 30, No 3, 1132, doi:10.1029/2002GL015797, February 12, 2003, online <>

Hanna, Edward, Trausti Jónsson and Jason E. Box, 2004. An analysis of Icelandic climate since the nineteenth century. International Journal of Climatology Vol. 24, No 10, pp. 1193-1210, July 26, 2004

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